This decision therefore confirms that YouTube – and other major online platforms – do not disclose the IP addresses, email addresses and phone numbers of their users, even if they have illegally uploaded or downloaded data. For example, if you enter an address in the To, Cc, or Bcc field of an email you`re composing, Gmail suggests addresses based on who you contact most often. On November 6, 2013, Google introduced a Google+-based commenting system that required all YouTube users to comment on videos through a Google+ account. In the same article, Melvin continues:[171] In August 2008, a U.S. court in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. ruled that copyright owners cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the publication reflected fair dealing with the material. [277] Google, which owns YouTube, announced in November 2015 that it would help cover legal fees in certain cases where it considers fair dealing objections to apply. [278] The Supreme Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has therefore issued a landmark judgment on this point.

The IP address of YouTube and Google users who upload illegal and counterfeit videos or files is not part of the “address” within the meaning of the relevant EU directive, nor is the user`s email address and phone number, the CJEU ruled (EU:C:2020:542). We maintain servers all over the world and your data may be processed on servers outside the country where you live. Data protection laws vary from country to country, with some offering more protection than others. Regardless of where your data is processed, we apply the same safeguards as described in this policy. We also comply with certain legal frameworks regarding the transfer of data, such as the EU-US and Switzerland and the US. Privacy Shield Frameworks.